Indonesia’s coal reserves are mainly located in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Indonesia’s coal is superior in quality than coal from many other countries such as Australia. It has lower content of sulphur. Bituminous coal is the main type of coal exported by Indonesia.
Indonesia's coal had lower caloric value compared to other countries but lower sulfur and ash content, desirable qualities for power plants. Indonesia is the world's second-largest exporter of thermal coal, which is used in power plants, and the fifth-largest exporter of ordinary coal, which is a lower grade used by steel plants.
Some 70 percent of the 131 million tons of coal produced last year was exported to Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippine, South Korea, India and China. The demand for Indonesian coal from China alone is projected to increase by 18 percent over the next five years, while demand from India is expected to surge 16 % for the same period.
Our joint operating & marketing coal mines are located in the mineral rich province of South Kalimantan (Indonesia) and East Kalimantan. We supplying highly competitive coal products with a high reactivity and excellent combustion characteristics.
The coal mine uses semi - mechanized where partially manually while the major part of the activities are mechanical selected for our specific mining conditions and the climate at the mine. System of mining is drilling, excavation, breaking and sizing. Quality control is given top most priority by systematic mining and working for suitable blend to maintain coal grade as per customer requirements.
Coal is trucked from the mine at district of Tanah Bumbu, Jorong and Batulicin of South Kalimantan (Indonesia). - It will be amass onto stockyard facilities for barge loading at Cienko, BAC, SBT and Lianganggang near Kintap, Sungai Danau and Batulicin.
Distance from mines to stockpiles onto barge loading facility have a distance of less than 75 kilometers, on a road to a river capable of handling 10,000 metric ton barges which transport the coal to the loading open sea anchorage near Tanjung Pemancingan, Tanjung Petang, Pandansari or Muara Satui.
At the river trans-loading facility, the coal is crushed and loaded onto barges for shipment downriver to the ship loading facilities. Trans-loading the coal into a vessel, off-shore Kalimantan, Indonesia, where vessels of up to 120,000 DWT can be loaded. Vessels can also be loaded at a new public bulk port and coal storage terminal at Pulau Laut, Indonesia which is currently capable of loading vessels up to 80,000 DWT.
Currently, Indonesia operates 19 coal loading terminals, including three cape-sized terminals, one panamax terminal and three handy-size terminals, with a total export capacity of more than 75 million MT/year. Four additional coal terminals are planned, including Bengalon, Sebuku, Bontang and East Kalimantan. Below is a list of the largest coal loading ports currently in operation in Indonesia.
(1) The Indonesia Bulk Terminal (IBT), developed jointly by Consolidated Bulk Handling of Australia and Terminal Batubara Indah, is the latest common-user deep-water port. IBT, which commenced operation in 1997, is located on South Pulau Laut, a large island off South Kalimantan. It lies on major domestic and international shipping routes. IBT has a stockyard capacity of 800,000 MT and is capable receiving 80,000 DWT vessels. IBT is expanding its storage capacity to 1.6 million MT, with a capacity to handle 200,000 DWT vessels.
(2) Tanjung Bara Coal Terminal (TBCT), a 500,000 MT capacity stockpile, to load coal production into ships of up to 200,000 DWT. TBCT is located in north Samarinda, East Kalimantan and has been operational since 1991.
(3) PT. Dermaga Prakasa Pratama (DPP), an independent company, developed a deep-water coal terminal located at Balikpapan, East Kalimantan. The facility provides services to coal mining companies operating along the Mahakam River. The terminal jetty is capable of handling 80,000 DWT bulk carriers.
(4) Terminal Batubara Indah (TBI) in Cirebon, West Java, has a stockpile capacity of 50,000 MT and a handling capacity of one million MT/year. TBI handles mostly coal requirements of the cement factory plant and other nearby industries, and receives regular deliveries from coal mines in Kalimantan.
Coal Terminal (operator)
Throughput (1000 MT)
Kertapati Terminal Palembang, South Sumatra
Pulau Bai, South Sumatra
Tarahan Coal Terminal, Tarahan, South Sumatra
1989 1998 expansion
Teluk Bayur Terminal, Padang, West Sumatra
Tanjung Bara Terminal Sangata, East Kalimantan
Tanah Merah Terminal(Kideco), East Kalimantan
North Pulau Laut, South Kalimantan
Tanjung Redeb, East Kalimantan
Bloro Terminal , East Kalimantan
Loa Tebu, East Kalimantan
Tj. Pemancinagn, South Kalimantan
Sembilang, South Kalimantan
Air Tawar, South Kalimantan
Satui, South Kalimantan
Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan
Kelanis, South Kalimantan
Indonesian Bulk Terminal, South Pulau Laut, South Kalimantan
Terminal Batubara Indah, Cirebon West Java
Bengalon, East Kalimantan
P. Sebuku, South Kalimantan
Binugan, East Kalimantan
Bontang, East Kalimantan